A denture is a dental prosthesis that replaces natural teeth with artificial replacements to allow patients to continue their daily routines while maintaining their appearance and facial profile. Dentures are prostheses that are custom-made for each patient, rely on oral tissues for support, and can be removed by the patient.
These prostheses are classed differently depending on the material from which they are constructed, the number of teeth they replace, or the tissue from which they are supported. The goal of dentures is to restore a patient’s appearance and function.
Some dentures are used to replace a few lost teeth. Others are designed to replace all of the teeth, gums, and surrounding tissues.
Dentures are commonly used to replace missing teeth. There are several causes of tooth loss, some of which include:
- Periodontal, or gum disease (most common)
- Poor oral hygiene
- Severe tooth decay
- Injuries to the face or jaw
You are also more likely to lose teeth if you:
- You are over the age of 35
- You are a male
- You smoke or use tobacco-related goods
- You suffer from rheumatoid arthritis
- You have diabetes or heart disease
- You disregard professional dental cleanings and exams which should take place every 3 to 6 months
- You disregard at-home dental care (brushing twice a day, flossing, and rinsing with mouthwash)
It is also critical to retain enough jawbone structure and healthy gum tissue to support your teeth. False teeth require adequate support from natural tissue to remain in place for an extended period of time.
Types of dentures:
Dentures are classed according to the number of teeth they replace.
Partial dentures are dentures that replace a portion of your teeth. Soft tissue and teeth are used to support these dentures.
Dentures are referred to as ‘full dentures’ when they replace all of the teeth. Full dentures are typically made of acrylic because they may be colored to match the shade of the gums. These dentures can be supported by the soft and firm tissues of the mouth.
Conventional complete dentures:
Traditional full dentures are supported by the soft tissue and bone of the jaw. These are the most prevalent types of dentures. The main advantage of these prostheses is their low cost in comparison to alternative treatment methods.
Tooth supported over dentures:
If some of the teeth may be saved in the oral cavity, a dentist may choose to treat them with root canal therapy and lower them to the level of your gums. Overdentures provide greater retention and aid in the preservation of the jaw bone.
Benefits of dentures:
- Improve the appearance of the smile
- They are easier to clean and have the potential to reduce further oral health issues.
The cost of dentures:
Dentures range in price from $650 to $4,000. Most comprehensive dental insurance policies cover up to 50% of the cost of dentures.