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Wisdom Teeth: Purpose, Problems, and Solutions

The wisdom teeth are the last teeth to come through the gums. They can also be the most problematic. While some people never develop any problems with their wisdom teeth, others end up needing to have them removed. Understanding the purpose of wisdom teeth and the problems that can develop is essential.

Wisdom Teeth Eruption

Most people do not get their wisdom teeth until they are in their late teens or early twenties. These teeth do not erupt until this time due to normal jaw development. 

People usually have four wisdom teeth, with two up top and two on the bottom. Some people may have more or less. 

Because they do not erupt through the gum tissue until later in life, individuals can experience problems. When wisdom teeth issues arise, it is important to see a dentist right away for wisdom teeth extraction. 

What Is the Purpose of Wisdom Teeth?

Scientists believe wisdom teeth are no longer necessary, as human diets have changed over the years.

Our ancestors consumed diets consisting of rougher foods that wore the teeth down over time. 

Wisdom teeth came in later in life, to replace some of the worn-down or missing molars. Because of much softer diets, humans no longer need these teeth, yet they continue to grow. 

The human mouth is designed to only hold about 28 teeth. If all four wisdom teeth erupt through the gum tissue, this leads to 32 teeth, which is often way too many for some mouths. 

Common Problems with Wisdom Teeth

While some wisdom teeth erupt with no problems, many issues can arise. It is important to understand the common wisdom tooth issues and seek prompt dental care when symptoms occur.

The following are some of the problems that may develop with wisdom teeth.

Impaction

Impacted wisdom teeth can occur for different reasons. Often, these teeth simply do not have room to come through the gum tissue.

In some cases, the teeth are not formed correctly or are in the wrong position. They may partially erupt or remain trapped beneath the surface of the gum tissue. 

Wisdom teeth that are impacted can cause pain and damage to other teeth. In most cases, these teeth need to be extracted, even if they are not causing problems now. 

Crowding

Crowding is one of the most common problems associated with wisdom teeth. Because they take so many years to cut through the gum tissue, there may not be enough room for them to emerge correctly.

As the wisdom teeth erupt, they can cause other teeth to shift out of their normal positions. This overcrowding causes the teeth to become crooked, making them harder to clean and more prone to the development of decay. It is important individuals take care to brush and floss as often as recommended. They should also see their dentist often for teeth cleaning services.

Infections

Wisdom tooth infections can also occur. When a wisdom tooth becomes infected, it can cause multiple symptoms, including the following. 

  • Pain
  • Swelling in the gum tissue
  • Redness and inflammation in the gums
  • Pus drainage coming from the gums
  • Sore and swollen lymph nodes under the jaw
  • Problems with opening the mouth fully or swallowing
  • Foul breath
  • Fever

A wisdom tooth abscess needs to be treated right away. This infection can spread to other teeth and may even get into the bloodstream.

In some cases, the infection becomes so severe the wisdom teeth must be extracted immediately. 

Read Also: 6 Foods That Are Bad for Your Teeth

How Are Wisdom Teeth Infections Treated?

Wisdom teeth are more prone to developing infections as they start to emerge through the gum tissue.Infections can also happen due to poor oral hygiene.

The following are some of the ways these infections can be brought under control. 

  • Improved oral hygiene is a must when it comes to wisdom tooth infections. Brushing and flossing carefully in these areas will help to remove plaque and food particles, along with bacteria. 
  • The area should also be cleaned by the dentist. They have special tools that can be used to get into the cracks and crevices of these teeth, so they can be carefully cleaned. They will also treat the teeth locally with topical medications.
  • Individuals who have a wisdom tooth infection will need to take antibiotics for the full length of treatment. It is important to finish the full course of antibiotics, even if the infection begins to improve. 

When wisdom tooth infections are becoming frequent, individuals may need to undergo an extraction.

Removing the wisdom teeth will offer more room for other teeth and will prevent the issues that revolve around cleaning difficulty. 

Treatment for Wisdom Teeth Issues

The most common treatment for wisdom teeth issues is removal. This procedure is generally done in a dental office or by a dental surgeon. 

Individuals are either given a local or general anesthetic, depending on how many teeth are being removed. Most dentists will remove all four wisdom teeth at one time, depending on the patient. 

Today, wisdom tooth problems have been greatly reduced because most dentists will recommend patients have these teeth removed before they ever have a chance to cause problems. 

The procedure is simple for erupted wisdom teeth but does become a little more difficult with impaction. With both types of extraction, the recovery process is easy, and most people have no recovery problems, with only minor discomfort. 

Schedule a Wisdom Tooth Appointment

If you have noticed problems with your wisdom teeth, such as overcrowding, pain, or infection, now is the time to seek treatment. When wisdom teeth become problematic, they need to be extracted right away so they do not become infected or begin to damage other teeth. 

Those who are concerned about their wisdom teeth should call today and schedule an appointment.

The dentist will examine the teeth and take X-rays, to determine the best course of action. With wisdom teeth treatment, your oral health will be protected and you will be less likely to experience overcrowding and other problems. 

noah
noah
The doctor and staff here are simply amazing! I wish we would have switched dental offices sooner!
toni ramos H.
toni ramos H.
Excellent service by kind and compassionate staff. I needed a deep cleaning and the dental hygienist, Inez, put me at ease from the start. Superior care and pain-free-- you can't ask for more!
Cheryl D.
Cheryl D.
I was so impressed with the staff and Dr, I am making Wilmot Family Dentistry my permenant dentist. I have already told several people. They really are exceptional!!Once again it was an exceptional experience. So glad I found this office!Have gone several other times, and would leave 10 stars if I could!Today I had severe pain and was brought in immediately. This is the best dentists office I have ever been to!
Michelle C.
Michelle C.
My mother is my hygienist here at Wilmot Family Dentistry, so I will say nothing but good things about her, but Dr. Lyman and the entire staff a great! ~ Kade
Stephen M.
Stephen M.
I needed some repair when I cracked a molar. I searched for dentists and found Wilmot Family, and I was most pleased! Really nice people, efficient and professional and friendly. Dr. Lyman was great. Like many people, I am somewhat apprehensive about dental work... and I was pleasantly surprised - a great experience. And Thanks to Martin for his work and friendly approach as well. I will be going back for more routine care in the future!
Roger P.
Roger P.
Melissa always does a thorough and professional job.
Barbie E.
Barbie E.
Good experience, very good cleaning and nice people too.
Jeff C.
Jeff C.
They are good. That's hard to say relating to dental work. I wouldn't go anywhere else.
Barbara S.
Barbara S.
Very professional and friendly office.
Starla C.
Starla C.
These people are absolutely my life savers. I have a horrible fear of dental work and have panic attacks every time I go in. They have been more than patient, kind and have got me through some tough dental problems! Thank you all so much! Dr. Lyman and crew are the best!!
Kyle H.
Kyle H.
Okay I’m very picky we all know how the dental business works and this dentist really really does care about the patients I had an absolute SEVERE EMERGENCY went to gentle dental they kept trying to refer me to other surgeons finally made the decision to call this office & I’m truly blessed for what they have done for me completely pain free they took care of the problem the doctor was fast made sure i was comfortable and then the staff was truly amazing this office should be a 5⭐️ office
Jocelyn L.
Jocelyn L.
This place is awesome! I’m genuinely terrified of the dentist but Dr. Lyman does amazing every single time. I had my fills and crown done by him and didn’t feel pain at all. I will always recommend him. He’s the best dentist I’ve ever been to.
Tara B.
Tara B.
Wonderful, patient and caring team who go out of their way to ensure as comfortable and successful a treatment experience as possible. Highly recommend!
Leon L
Leon L
Dr Lyman is a true professional. Very knowledgeable and kind. Everyone is friendly at the office. We travel allot between CA and AZ. Dr Lyman is the best. Highly recommended.
Kathy R.
Kathy R.
Melissa is my hygienist and she is very good at her job. My overall experience was great.
Debbie F.
Debbie F.
Great dentist. Great staff. Couldn't be happier. Best dentist and office I have ever been to. Kind. Caring. Compassionate. If you are one of yhe people who hate going to the dentist they will change your mind!
Jim R.
Jim R.
Excellent visit with Dr Lyman as always. He is my favorite dentist of all time. I've had a couple of urgent issues and he never let's me down. I would highly recommend making him your dentist. You will not find a more honest compassionate care provider than he and his staff. Thank you for all that you do Dr Lyman.
Cori H
Cori H
The team is efficient, professional and accomodating. My visits to Wilmot Family Dentistry are comfortable and pleasant. I learn something new at each visit, as they thoroughly explain what's found on my Xrays when I ask.
Taisha G
Taisha G
A great experience: I was greeted promptly and courteously. Checked in and helped by multiple, kind and knowledgeable people once I was taken back. Seen by Dr. Lyman, I given a very thorough and transparent examination. I have follow up appointments scheduled and am happy my online research connected me with a centrally located office such as this one.
Lawrence B.
Lawrence B.
Timely, competent, friendly service from everyone.
Krista R.
Krista R.
We love Dr. Lyman! He’s a great listener, he takes the time to answer all of our questions, and he’s fun! Very experienced and knowledgeable. His staff is so nice! We love Wilmot Family Dentistry.
Kim H.
Kim H.
Not a fan of going to the dentist. Ever. Wilmot Family Dentistry was a great experience. Alex soothed my nerves and made me laugh. Tito is a great hygienist. Dr. Lyman is amazing. He is a no pressure, only what you need type of dentist. Five stars aren’t enough to describe my experience!!
Raymond M.
Raymond M.
Had my 6 month cleaning with Michelle. She is the best! When I need full dental care, and I have had my share, Dr. Lyman takes his time and makes the entire procedure a pleasure.
Krysten K.
Krysten K.
Amazing place and amazing staff made me feel super comfortable would definitely recommend to everybody!
Teresa L H.
Teresa L H.
I 've been in this office for years, and always have a great experience. They treat me with respect and courtesy, The Dr is very good and kind.
Mina J.
Mina J.
Everyone at Wilmot family dentistry was very professional and friendly.ThanksDr. Lyman is great with his patients and takes time to explain things.
JoAnn L.
JoAnn L.
Hygienist did a great job cleaning my teeth and Dr. answered all my questions. Good experience.
sara M.
sara M.
I have been going to this office for years. Dr. Lyman is very kind and knowledgeable. I have a lot of anxiety going to the dentist and I am always walked through the process and they answer all the questions I have. I have some gum issues and he has really helped in the treatment plan.My son had an emergency dental procedure that needed to be done and they got him in the same day. Great office and staff highly recommend
Jalen N.
Jalen N.
Went to the dentist for the first time in a while and they made me feel super comfortable with zero judgment! They were also super gentle and have a super friendly environment! I’m excited to start my journey at this dentist!
Sherry H.
Sherry H.
After searching for a dentist office that fits my needs for almost a year, I am so thankful that I found Wilmot Family Dentistry! Dr. Lyman and staff are absolutely wonderful! If you are looking for a dentist who actually cares about the patient and not just the all mighty dollar, please go here! I would highly recommend them.
Karoline C
Karoline C
Timely appointment, nice staff, knowledgeable, kind and helpful hygienist. And Dr Lyman was his usual excellent self.
Logan R.
Logan R.
Great dentist. Worked to make my insurance covered what I needed done. Wonderful place.
Laura S.
Laura S.
Everyone very nice
Jake E.
Jake E.
Best Dentist I have ever been to. Highly recommend them.
Maya B.
Maya B.
Always a friendly and understanding staff. Quick in and out with follow-up appointments made on the spot. Highly recommended
Paige H.
Paige H.
Always thorough, keeps me updated through every procedure, and a kind relaxed energy
Tina S.
Tina S.
I had an emergency dental problem and they got me in right away. Everyone was very nice and professional. They were able to fix my tooth and get rid of my pain.
Robert V.
Robert V.
Dr Lyman was very friendly and professional. Dr lyman explained the procedures so well made me feel relieved. Wonderful, atmosphere the Staff is so friendly and so welcoming. Thank you again for a amazing dental experience. Recommend this office for your dental needs.
M.J. M.
M.J. M.
Great place. Great people. Great service.
Louis S.
Louis S.
Everybody was so kind and extremely helpful in my visit. They explained everything to me unlike other dentist offices and are currently helping me get back into a schedule and routine for my oral health. 10/10 recommend!
sara L.
sara L.
I needed an emergency tooth pull and was in a lot of pain. Very glad to have found Wilmot Family Dentistry. They booked me a quick appointment and were very nice and professional. Liz, the dental assistant is fabulous and personable. Dr. is great. It finished quick and no pain.
Christine W
Christine W
Dr. Lyman and his staff are incredibly kind, patient and worked with us to get my son in on a difficult schedule. Very happy with this office and highly recommend!
Carmen R.
Carmen R.
I have been going to Wilmot Family Dental for a few years now. I have never had a bad experience. Dr. Lyman and the staff having been amazing each time. They are very friendly and nice.Will definitely keep going back and I strongly recommend them.
Amber P.
Amber P.
Exceptional experience for my family. My 7 year old needed a deeper cleaning and they took excellent care of her, she's actually looking forward to going back!Thanks for taking care of our smiles!
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